Annual Review of Cases 1999

  • user warning: Table './apbc_org_uk_@002d_member/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '2:555040f3e39fc616bb56ffa0e3aa5e4e' in /home/jbellapbc/public_html/includes/cache.inc on line 25.
  • user warning: Table './apbc_org_uk_@002d_member/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p>The authors of this report Emma Magnus BSc (Hons) MSc, David Appleby MSc and Dawn Sutton BSc (Hons) MSc would like to thank the members of the APBC who submitted their data. </p>\n<p>The APBC would like to thank Intervet UK Limited for their continuing support and interest in the APBC\'s Annual Review of Cases.</p>\n<h2>BREAKDOWN OF CASES SUBMITTED</h2>\n<div align=\"center\">\n<table width=\"419\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"40%\" valign=\"TOP\" colspan=\"2\">Dogs</td>\n<td width=\"40%\" valign=\"TOP\" colspan=\"2\">Cats</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">Males&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">Females</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">Males&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">Females</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Number</b></p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> seen</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">908</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(61%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">587</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(39%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">134</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(61%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">85</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(39%)</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> %Neutered</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">59</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">65</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">97</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">98</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Number of</b></p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> problems</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1375</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(60%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">910</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(40%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">163</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(62%)</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"20%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">100</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">(38%)</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n</div>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Average number of problems per dog - 1.53 (1.51 per male and 1.55 per female)<br />\nAverage number of problems per cat - 1.20 (1.22 per male and 1.18 per female)</p>\n<h2>MOST COMMON BREEDS REFERRED</h2>\n<div align=\"center\">\n<table width=\"100%\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\" border=\"0\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"50%\" align=\"left\">\n<h3 align=\"left\"><b>Dog breeds</b></h3>\n</td>\n<td width=\"50%\" align=\"left\"><b> </b>\n<h3 align=\"left\"><b>Kennel Club Dog Registrations (1998)</b></h3>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"50%\" align=\"left\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td>&nbsp;</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Crossbreeds</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Labrador Retriever</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">German Shepherd Dog</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">German Shepherd Dog</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Border Collie</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">West Highland White Terrier</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Labrador</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Golden Retriever</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Cocker Spaniel</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Cocker Spaniel</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Springer Spaniel</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Springer Spaniel</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Jack Russell Terrier</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Cavalier King Charles Spaniel</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Golden Retriever</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">&nbsp; Boxer</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">West Highland White Terrier</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Staffordshire Bull Terrier</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Boxer</td>\n<td width=\"25%\" align=\"left\">Yorkshire Terrier</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n</div>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><b> Cat Breeds</b></p>\n<p align=\"left\">Domestic Short Hair<br />\nBurmese<br />\nSiamese<br />\nPersian<br />\nDomestic Long Hair</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><img width=\"473\" height=\"405\" src=\"http://www.apbc.org.uk/1999/Image1.gif\" alt=\"\" /></p>\n<p><b>Key to Graph</b></p>\n<div align=\"left\">\n<table width=\"100%\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\" >\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td>\n<div align=\"left\">\n<p>AP Aggression towards people. Possible causes include fear or status <br />\n AD Aggression towards dogs. Possible causes include fear or rank <br />\n SP Separation Problems - occur when separated from owners <br />\n F Fearful and phobic behaviours to auditory and visual stimuli <br />\n AS Attention-seeking behaviours e.g. barking whilst owner on telephone <br />\n Misc Miscellaneous e.g. coprophagy, pica, mounting or escapology <br />\n Ch Inappropriate chase behaviour e.g. towards vehicles or joggers <br />\n HT House training problems Car Problems during travel <br />\n T Training problems e.g. poor recall <br />\n RB Repetitive behaviours e.g. tail chasing <br />\n Other Other behaviour problems not classified</p>\n</div>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n</div>\n<p><center></center></p>\n<h2>Canine Aggression - breakdown of cases referred</h2>\n<h3>Aggression towards people</h3>\n<table width=\"379\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Problem</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Total</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Males</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Females</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Status Aggression </b>Towards members of the family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">110</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">79.1%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">20.9%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Food aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">29</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">65.5 %</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">34.5%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Territorial in home or garden</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">175</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">61.2%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">38.8%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Towards visitors to home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">147</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">57.8%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42.2%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Towards strangers out of home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">206</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">55.8%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">44.2%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Directed at family members</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">48</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">68.8%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">31.2%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<h3>Aggression towards other dogs</h3>\n<table width=\"372\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Problem</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Total</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Males</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Females</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">287</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">59.6%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">40.4%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Chase</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">16 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">68.75% <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">31.25% <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Learned or frustrated play</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">82%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">18%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression </b>between same sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">125</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">48.8%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">51.2%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression</b><br />\n to opposite sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">6 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">16.7% <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">83.3% <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>*</b> - low numbers of data</p>\n<h2>Canine Aggression within the home - number of people in the home</h2>\n<table width=\"475\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>1 M</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>1 F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>2 M</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>2 F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>M &amp; F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Multi</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Status Aggression </b>Towards members of the family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">10</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">49</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">44</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Territorial in home or garden</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">10</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">8</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">15</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">63</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">78</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Towards visitors to home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">11</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">6</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">58</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">66</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Towards strangers out of home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">19</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">7</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">92</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">82</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b><br />\n Directed at family members</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">14</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">31</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Food Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">16</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">11</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression </b>between same sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">9</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">3</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">11</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">72</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">30</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression </b>between opposite sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><b> Key to table</b></p>\n<p><b>M</b> - male<b><br />\nF</b> - female<b><br />\nMulti</b> - Multiple households</p>\n<p></p>\n<p>Although it would appear that female owners are more likely to encounter aggression from their dogs than male owners, it must be borne in mind that these numbers reflect the incidence of referral. Female owners may be more likely to seek a referral to a behaviourist. Similarly the higher figures for multiple households may indicate an increased sensitivity to problems of aggression due to children in the home.</p>\n<h3>Cases of canine aggression linked with the environment obtained from when obtained up to 7 weeks of age. </h3>\n<p><center></center></p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<table width=\"351\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Number obtained up to 7 weeks of age</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n K<br />\n &nbsp; Env.</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n D<br />\n Env.</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Status Aggression<br />\n &nbsp; </b>Towards members of the family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">53</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">52.8</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">41.5</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Territorial in home or garden</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">62</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">54.8</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p>40.3</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards visitors to home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">63</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">52.4</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">39.7</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards strangers out of home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">83</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">45.8</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">46</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Directed at family members</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">15 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">40 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">40 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards other dogs</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">89</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">57.3</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">37.1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Aggression &nbsp; <br />\n </b>between same sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">70</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">60</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">34.3</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>*</b> - low numbers of data</p>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p><b> </b></p>\n<p align=\"JUSTIFY\"><b> Key to table </b></p>\n<p></p>\n<p align=\"JUSTIFY\"><b> K </b> - Dogs obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment<b><br />\nD - </b> Dogs obtained from a domestic environment</p>\n<p>The information on this table shows that up to seven weeks of age, the environment that the puppy is obtained from has an impact on its behaviour. Dogs that have been referred for aggressive behaviour are likely to have been obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment if they were obtained prior to 7 weeks of age. Kennel or kennel-type environments are not considered generally stimulating enough to expose the young dog to the range of stimuli necessary for later life. </p>\n<p>The remainder of puppies obtained during these age groups were obtained through rescue societies or pet shops.</p>\n<h3> Cases of canine aggression linked with the environment obtained from when obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age. </h3>\n<p><center></center></p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<table width=\"351\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Number obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n K<br />\n &nbsp; Env.</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n D<br />\n Env.</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Status Aggression <br />\n &nbsp; </b>Towards members of the family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">26</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">46.1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">46.1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Territorial in home or garden</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42.9</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">38.1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards visitors to home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">26</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">38.5</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards strangers away from home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">40</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">47.5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">37.5</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Directed at family members</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">17 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">52.9<b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">37.5<b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards other dogs</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">62</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">41.9</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Aggression</b><br />\n Between same sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">28</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42.9</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42.9</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>*</b> - low numbers of data</p>\n<p><b> Key to table </b></p>\n<p></p>\n<p><b> K </b> - Dogs obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment<b><br />\nD </b> - Dogs obtained from a domestic environment</p>\n<p>The information on this table shows that when a puppy is obtained between 8 and 14 weeks there is a correlation between being obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment and a later referral for fear aggression behaviour problems. At this age there seems to be little effect on problems associated with status aggression towards members of the family or rank related aggression between same sex dogs within the home.</p>\n<p>The remainder of puppies obtained during these age groups were obtained through rescue societies or pet shops.</p>\n<h3>Canine Aggression and breed types</h3>\n<table width=\"439\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Problem</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Breeds</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Status Aggression &nbsp;<br />\n </b>Towards members of the family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>Cocker Spaniel 9.09%<br />\n West Highland White Terrier 8.18%<br />\n GSD 8.18%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b> <br />\n Territorial in home or garden</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>GSD 16.57%<br />\n Cross breed 13.14%<br />\n Border Collie 10.29%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b> <br />\n Towards people in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>GSD 19.73%<br />\n Cross breed 18.36%<br />\n Border Collie 12.92%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b> <br />\n Towards people out of home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>GSD 17.48%<br />\n Cross breed 17%<br />\n Border Collie 14.97%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b> <br />\n Directed at family members</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>Border Collie 10.42%<br />\n Cocker Spaniel 10.42%<br />\n Cross breed 8.3%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fear</b> <br />\n Towards other dogs</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>Crossbreed 16.72%<br />\n GSD 16.03%<br />\n Border Collie 4.53%<br />\n Cocker Spaniel 4.53%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"48%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression&nbsp;<br />\n </b>between same sex dogs in home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"52%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"30\">\n<p>Crossbreed 9.6%<br />\n GSD 8.8%<br />\n Border Collie 8%<br />\n West Highland White Terrier 8%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n<p align=\"left\">The breeds listed in the table above should be compared with the data at the start of this booklet to note a high incidence of referral of these breeds or registration with the Kennel Club.</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><img width=\"486\" height=\"411\" src=\"http://www.apbc.org.uk/1999/Image2.gif\" alt=\"\" /></p>\n<p><b>Key to Graph</b></p>\n<div align=\"left\">\n<table width=\"100%\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\" >\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td>\n<p>AC Aggression towards cats. Possible causes include territory or social <br />\n AP Aggression towards people. Possible cause include fear <br />\n IM Indoor marking. Includes spraying, middening or scratching <br />\n F Fearful and phobic behaviour to auditory and visual stimuli <br />\n HT House training problems <br />\n BP Bonding problems e.g. over attachment on owner <br />\n P Pica <br />\n Misc Miscellaneous including repetitive behaviours and self-mutilation <br />\n Other Other behaviour problems not classified <br />\n AS Attention-seeking</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n</div>\n<h3>Feline Aggression - breakdown of cases referred</h3>\n<h4>Aggression towards people</h4>\n<table width=\"379\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Problem</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Total</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Males</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Females</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Redirected</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">75%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">25%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n To people in the home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">3 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">100%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n To people outside home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">6 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">83.3%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">16.7%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n Towards family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">10</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">60%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">40%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Petting/Biting Syndrome</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Learned Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"33%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Idiopathic Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">21</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">62%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"22%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">38%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Aggression towards other cats</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<table width=\"372\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Problem</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Total</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Males</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Females</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Territorial</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">7 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">57.1%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">42.9%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Redirected</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">80%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">20%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"30%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Social</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">60</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">26.7%</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"23%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">73.3%</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>*</b> - low numbers of data</p>\n<h3>Feline Aggression within the home - number of people in the home</h3>\n<table width=\"475\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> 1 M</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> 1 F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> 2 M</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> 2 F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> M &amp; F</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Multi</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Redirected<br />\n Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n To people in the home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">3</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b><br />\n To people outside home</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Fear</b> <br />\n Towards family</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">7</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Petting/Biting Syndrome</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Learned Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>Idiopathic Aggression</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">13</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Territorial</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Redirected</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">2</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">1</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"24%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Social</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">8</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">28</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"13%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"43\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">19</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p><b> Key to graph</b></p>\n<p><b>M</b> - male<b><br />\nF</b> - female <br />\n<b>Multi</b> - Multiple households </p>\n<p>Once again single female owners appear to be more likely to be referred for behaviour problems with their cats than single male owners. However this does not seem to be a factor for homes containing two males or two females. A male and female owners is the most common unit to seek referral to a pet behaviour counsellor.</p>\n<h3>Cases of feline aggression, indoor marking and fearful behaviour - environment obtained from when obtained up to 7 weeks of age </h3>\n<p><center></center></p>\n<p align=\"CENTER\">&nbsp;</p>\n<table width=\"351\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Number obtained up to 7 weeks of age</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n C<br />\n &nbsp; Env.</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n D<br />\n Env.</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression</b> <br />\n Towards people</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">18</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">5.6</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">55.6</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression</b> <br />\n Towards other cats</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">19</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">10.5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">57.9</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Indoor Marking</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">12</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">66.7</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fears and Phobias</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">4 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">0</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">50 <b>*</b></p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b>*</b> - low numbers of data</p>\n<p>&lt;><b>Key to table </b></p>\n<p></p>\n<p><b>C </b> - Cats obtained from a cattery or cattery-type environment<br />\n<b>D </b> - Cats obtained from a domestic environment</p>\n<p>When considering the above table it must be borne in mind that pedigree kittens obtained from breeders are rarely homed prior to 12 weeks of age.</p>\n<p>The remainder of kittens obtained during these age groups were obtained from rescue societies or pet shops.</p>\n<p><center></center></p>\n<h3>Cases of feline aggression, indoor marking and fearful behaviour - environment obtained from when obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age </h3>\n<table width=\"351\" cellspacing=\"1\" cellpadding=\"7\" border=\"1\">\n<tbody>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">&nbsp;</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">Number obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n C<br />\n &nbsp; Env.</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"61\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">%<br />\n D<br />\n Env.</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression</b> <br />\n Towards people</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">14</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">64.3</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">21.4</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Aggression</b> <br />\n Towards other cats</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">22</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">45.5</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">45.5</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Indoor Marking</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">11</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">63.6</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">36.4</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n<tr>\n<td width=\"45%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\"><b> </b>\n<p align=\"CENTER\"><b> Fears and Phobias</b></p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"27%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">12</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">66.7</p>\n</td>\n<td width=\"14%\" valign=\"TOP\" height=\"46\">\n<p align=\"CENTER\">33.3</p>\n</td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n<p><b> Key to table</b></p>\n<p><b> C</b> - Cats obtained from a cattery or cattery-type environment<br />\n<b>D</b> - Cats obtained from a domestic environment</p>\n<p>Kittens that have been living in a cattery up until 14 weeks of age are more likely to be referred to a behaviourist for problems associated with aggression, indoor marking and fears and phobias than kittens reared inside the home.</p>\n<p>Cattery or cattery-type environments are not considered generally stimulating enough to expose the young cat to the range of stimuli necessary for later life.</p>\n<h2>Conclusions</h2>\n<p></p>\n<p>The most common behavioural problem in dogs referred to some members of the APBC is aggression towards people. This is followed by aggression towards other dogs.</p>\n<p>The most common behavioural problem in cats referred to some members of the APBC is aggression towards other cats. This is followed by aggression towards people.</p>\n<p>The most common form of referred aggression from dogs towards people is fear aggression directed towards strangers encountered outside the home. This is followed by fear aggression in territorial situation arising in the home or garden.</p>\n<p>The most common form of referred aggression from dogs towards other dogs is fear aggression. This is followed by aggression towards a same sex individual within the home.</p>\n<p>The most common form of referred aggression from cats towards other cats is social aggression between cats living in the same home.</p>\n<p>The most common form of referred aggression from cats towards people is idiopathic aggression. This is followed by fear aggression towards family members.</p>\n<p>Male dogs are more likely to be referred for aggressive behaviour problems than females unless the aggression is between same sex dogs within the same home.</p>\n<p>Male cats are more likely to be referred for aggressive behaviour problems than females unless the aggression is social and directed towards another cat in the home.</p>\n<p>Puppies reared in kennel or kennel-type environments prior to 7 weeks of age or 14 weeks of age are referred more often for most aggressive behaviours than those reared in domestic homes.</p>\n<p>Kittens reared in cattery or cattery-type environments prior to 14 weeks of age are referred markedly more often for problems associated with aggression, indoor marking and fearful or phobic behaviour.</p>\n', created = 1505938411, expire = 1506024811, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:555040f3e39fc616bb56ffa0e3aa5e4e' in /home/jbellapbc/public_html/includes/cache.inc on line 108.
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The authors of this report Emma Magnus BSc (Hons) MSc, David Appleby MSc and Dawn Sutton BSc (Hons) MSc would like to thank the members of the APBC who submitted their data.

The APBC would like to thank Intervet UK Limited for their continuing support and interest in the APBC's Annual Review of Cases.

BREAKDOWN OF CASES SUBMITTED

  Dogs Cats
  Males  Females Males  Females

Number

seen

908

(61%)

587

(39%)

134

(61%)

85

(39%)

%Neutered

59

65

97

98

Number of

problems

1375

(60%)

910

(40%)

163

(62%)

100

(38%)

Average number of problems per dog - 1.53 (1.51 per male and 1.55 per female)
Average number of problems per cat - 1.20 (1.22 per male and 1.18 per female)

MOST COMMON BREEDS REFERRED

Dog breeds

Kennel Club Dog Registrations (1998)

   
Crossbreeds Labrador Retriever
German Shepherd Dog German Shepherd Dog
Border Collie West Highland White Terrier
Labrador Golden Retriever
Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Springer Spaniel Springer Spaniel
Jack Russell Terrier Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Golden Retriever   Boxer
West Highland White Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Boxer Yorkshire Terrier

 

Cat Breeds

Domestic Short Hair
Burmese
Siamese
Persian
Domestic Long Hair

Key to Graph

AP Aggression towards people. Possible causes include fear or status
AD Aggression towards dogs. Possible causes include fear or rank
SP Separation Problems - occur when separated from owners
F Fearful and phobic behaviours to auditory and visual stimuli
AS Attention-seeking behaviours e.g. barking whilst owner on telephone
Misc Miscellaneous e.g. coprophagy, pica, mounting or escapology
Ch Inappropriate chase behaviour e.g. towards vehicles or joggers
HT House training problems Car Problems during travel
T Training problems e.g. poor recall
RB Repetitive behaviours e.g. tail chasing
Other Other behaviour problems not classified

Canine Aggression - breakdown of cases referred

Aggression towards people

Problem

Total

Males

Females

Status Aggression Towards members of the family

110

79.1%

20.9%

Food aggression

29

65.5 %

34.5%

Fear
Territorial in home or garden

175

61.2%

38.8%

Fear
Towards visitors to home

147

57.8%

42.2%

Fear
Towards strangers out of home

206

55.8%

44.2%

Fear
Directed at family members

48

68.8%

31.2%

Aggression towards other dogs

Problem

Total

Males

Females

Fear

287

59.6%

40.4%

Chase

16 *

68.75% *

31.25% *

Learned or frustrated play

50

82%

18%

Aggression between same sex dogs in home

125

48.8%

51.2%

Aggression
to opposite sex dogs in home

6 *

16.7% *

83.3% *

 

* - low numbers of data

Canine Aggression within the home - number of people in the home

 

1 M

1 F

2 M

2 F

M & F

Multi

Status Aggression Towards members of the family

1

10

1

5

49

44

Fear
Territorial in home or garden

1

10

8

15

63

78

Fear
Towards visitors to home

1

11

5

6

58

66

Fear
Towards strangers out of home

2

19

4

7

92

82

Fear
Directed at family members

0

1

1

1

14

31

Food Aggression

1

0

1

0

16

11

Aggression between same sex dogs in home

0

9

3

11

72

30

Aggression between opposite sex dogs in home

0

1

0

0

4

1

 

Key to table

M - male
F
- female
Multi
- Multiple households

Although it would appear that female owners are more likely to encounter aggression from their dogs than male owners, it must be borne in mind that these numbers reflect the incidence of referral. Female owners may be more likely to seek a referral to a behaviourist. Similarly the higher figures for multiple households may indicate an increased sensitivity to problems of aggression due to children in the home.

Cases of canine aggression linked with the environment obtained from when obtained up to 7 weeks of age.

 

 

Number obtained up to 7 weeks of age

%
K
  Env.

%
D
Env.

Status Aggression
 
Towards members of the family

53

52.8

41.5

Fear
Territorial in home or garden

62

54.8

40.3

Fear
Towards visitors to home

63

52.4

39.7

Fear
Towards strangers out of home

83

45.8

46

Fear
Directed at family members

15 *

40 *

40 *

Fear
Towards other dogs

89

57.3

37.1

Aggression  
between same sex dogs in home

70

60

34.3

* - low numbers of data

 

Key to table

K - Dogs obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment
D -
Dogs obtained from a domestic environment

The information on this table shows that up to seven weeks of age, the environment that the puppy is obtained from has an impact on its behaviour. Dogs that have been referred for aggressive behaviour are likely to have been obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment if they were obtained prior to 7 weeks of age. Kennel or kennel-type environments are not considered generally stimulating enough to expose the young dog to the range of stimuli necessary for later life.

The remainder of puppies obtained during these age groups were obtained through rescue societies or pet shops.

Cases of canine aggression linked with the environment obtained from when obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age.

 

 

Number obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age

%
K
  Env.

%
D
Env.

Status Aggression
 
Towards members of the family

26

46.1

46.1

Fear
Territorial in home or garden

42

42.9

38.1

Fear
Towards visitors to home

26

50

38.5

Fear
Towards strangers away from home

40

47.5

37.5

Fear
Directed at family members

17 *

52.9*

37.5*

Fear
Towards other dogs

62

50

41.9

Aggression
Between same sex dogs in home

28

42.9

42.9

* - low numbers of data

Key to table

K - Dogs obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment
D
- Dogs obtained from a domestic environment

The information on this table shows that when a puppy is obtained between 8 and 14 weeks there is a correlation between being obtained from a kennel or kennel-type environment and a later referral for fear aggression behaviour problems. At this age there seems to be little effect on problems associated with status aggression towards members of the family or rank related aggression between same sex dogs within the home.

The remainder of puppies obtained during these age groups were obtained through rescue societies or pet shops.

Canine Aggression and breed types

Problem

Breeds

Status Aggression  
Towards members of the family

Cocker Spaniel 9.09%
West Highland White Terrier 8.18%
GSD 8.18%

Fear
Territorial in home or garden

GSD 16.57%
Cross breed 13.14%
Border Collie 10.29%

Fear
Towards people in home

GSD 19.73%
Cross breed 18.36%
Border Collie 12.92%

Fear
Towards people out of home

GSD 17.48%
Cross breed 17%
Border Collie 14.97%

Fear
Directed at family members

Border Collie 10.42%
Cocker Spaniel 10.42%
Cross breed 8.3%

Fear
Towards other dogs

Crossbreed 16.72%
GSD 16.03%
Border Collie 4.53%
Cocker Spaniel 4.53%

Aggression 
between same sex dogs in home

Crossbreed 9.6%
GSD 8.8%
Border Collie 8%
West Highland White Terrier 8%

 

The breeds listed in the table above should be compared with the data at the start of this booklet to note a high incidence of referral of these breeds or registration with the Kennel Club.

Key to Graph

AC Aggression towards cats. Possible causes include territory or social
AP Aggression towards people. Possible cause include fear
IM Indoor marking. Includes spraying, middening or scratching
F Fearful and phobic behaviour to auditory and visual stimuli
HT House training problems
BP Bonding problems e.g. over attachment on owner
P Pica
Misc Miscellaneous including repetitive behaviours and self-mutilation
Other Other behaviour problems not classified
AS Attention-seeking

Feline Aggression - breakdown of cases referred

Aggression towards people

Problem

Total

Males

Females

Redirected

4 *

75%

25%

Fear
To people in the home

3 *

0

100%

Fear
To people outside home

6 *

83.3%

16.7%

Fear
Towards family

10

60%

40%

Petting/Biting Syndrome

4 *

50%

50%

Learned Aggression

4 *

50%

50%

Idiopathic Aggression

21

62%

38%

Aggression towards other cats

 

 

Problem

Total

Males

Females

Territorial

7 *

57.1%

42.9%

Redirected

5 *

80%

20%

Social

60

26.7%

73.3%

 

* - low numbers of data

Feline Aggression within the home - number of people in the home

 

1 M

1 F

2 M

2 F

M & F

Multi

Redirected
Aggression

0

2

0

0

1

1

Fear
To people in the home

0

3

0

0

0

0

Fear
To people outside home

0

5

0

0

1

0

Fear
Towards family

0

1

1

0

7

0

Petting/Biting Syndrome

0

2

0

0

2

0

Learned Aggression

0

2

0

0

1

0

Idiopathic Aggression

0

5

0

0

13

2

Territorial

0

1

0

0

4

1

Redirected

0

2

0

0

2

1

Social

0

8

0

0

28

19

Key to graph

M - male
F
- female
Multi - Multiple households

Once again single female owners appear to be more likely to be referred for behaviour problems with their cats than single male owners. However this does not seem to be a factor for homes containing two males or two females. A male and female owners is the most common unit to seek referral to a pet behaviour counsellor.

Cases of feline aggression, indoor marking and fearful behaviour - environment obtained from when obtained up to 7 weeks of age

 

 

Number obtained up to 7 weeks of age

%
C
  Env.

%
D
Env.

Aggression
Towards people

18

5.6

55.6

Aggression
Towards other cats

19

10.5

57.9

Indoor Marking

12

0

66.7

Fears and Phobias

4 *

0

50 *

* - low numbers of data

<>Key to table

C - Cats obtained from a cattery or cattery-type environment
D - Cats obtained from a domestic environment

When considering the above table it must be borne in mind that pedigree kittens obtained from breeders are rarely homed prior to 12 weeks of age.

The remainder of kittens obtained during these age groups were obtained from rescue societies or pet shops.

Cases of feline aggression, indoor marking and fearful behaviour - environment obtained from when obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age

 

Number obtained between 8 and 14 weeks of age

%
C
  Env.

%
D
Env.

Aggression
Towards people

14

64.3

21.4

Aggression
Towards other cats

22

45.5

45.5

Indoor Marking

11

63.6

36.4

Fears and Phobias

12

66.7

33.3

Key to table

C - Cats obtained from a cattery or cattery-type environment
D - Cats obtained from a domestic environment

Kittens that have been living in a cattery up until 14 weeks of age are more likely to be referred to a behaviourist for problems associated with aggression, indoor marking and fears and phobias than kittens reared inside the home.

Cattery or cattery-type environments are not considered generally stimulating enough to expose the young cat to the range of stimuli necessary for later life.

Conclusions

The most common behavioural problem in dogs referred to some members of the APBC is aggression towards people. This is followed by aggression towards other dogs.

The most common behavioural problem in cats referred to some members of the APBC is aggression towards other cats. This is followed by aggression towards people.

The most common form of referred aggression from dogs towards people is fear aggression directed towards strangers encountered outside the home. This is followed by fear aggression in territorial situation arising in the home or garden.

The most common form of referred aggression from dogs towards other dogs is fear aggression. This is followed by aggression towards a same sex individual within the home.

The most common form of referred aggression from cats towards other cats is social aggression between cats living in the same home.

The most common form of referred aggression from cats towards people is idiopathic aggression. This is followed by fear aggression towards family members.

Male dogs are more likely to be referred for aggressive behaviour problems than females unless the aggression is between same sex dogs within the same home.

Male cats are more likely to be referred for aggressive behaviour problems than females unless the aggression is social and directed towards another cat in the home.

Puppies reared in kennel or kennel-type environments prior to 7 weeks of age or 14 weeks of age are referred more often for most aggressive behaviours than those reared in domestic homes.

Kittens reared in cattery or cattery-type environments prior to 14 weeks of age are referred markedly more often for problems associated with aggression, indoor marking and fearful or phobic behaviour.