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Rats are social animals and are best kept in single sexed groups of 3-5. However, it may cause increased aggression and frustration if entire males are housed in close proximity to females.
Introduce them between 5 and 9 weeks of age before they reach maturity.
House them in a large area with plenty of hidey-holes and levels that they can climb up onto.
Enrich their cage with tubes, hay, paper towels, terracotta plant pots, small branches, rope ladders etc.
Feed with a proprietary brand of rat food and supplement it with some apple, raisins and very occasionally a biscuit as a treat. Hide the food in different areas around the cage so the rats have to hunt for it.
Gently handle your rats on a daily basis and make it a pleasant experience for them.
Keep the cage out of direct sunlight, draughts and heat. Allow them to experience the natural change of light from day to night and from night to day. Rats are more active during the evenings and early mornings.
When cleaning the cage no not over clean it with strong smelling detergents. Clean the base and grill and mix some of the used sawdust to the new. When cleaning the cage no not over clean it with strong smelling detergents. Clean the base and grill and mix some of the used sawdust to the new.
Do not introduce an adult rat into your already established group. You may however, try introducing an immature one.
If you experience a high rate of aggression it is better to remove the most aggressive rat. If you have to keep this one separate from the others make sure the cages are close by so all the rats can still see and smell each other.